Record Previews

Circumpolar Arctic AVHRR False Color-Infrared (CIR) Map

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data were obtained from the USGS Global AVHRR 10-day composite data. ( et al. 1995). Glaciers and oceans were masked out using information from the Digital Chart of the World (ESRI 1993). The image is composed of 1 x 1-km pixels. The color of each pixel was determined by its reflectance at the time of maximum greenness, selected from 10-day composite images from 11 July to 30 August 1993 and 1995. These intervals cover the vegetation green-up-to-senescence period during two relatively warm years when summer-snow cover was at a minimum in the Arctic. Maximum greenness was determined from the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). Vegetation greenness is calculated as: NDVI = (NIR - R) / (NIR + R), where NIR is the spectral reflectance in the AVHRR near-infrared channel (0.725-1.1 µ, channel 2) where light-reflectance from the plant canopy is dominant, and R is the reflectance in the red channel (0.58 to 0.68 µ, channel 1), the portion of the spectrum where chlorophyll absorbs maximally. The resulting image shows the Arctic with minimum snow and cloud cover. The channel 1 and channel 2 values were then stacked to create as a false-color CIR image (RGB = ch. 2, ch. 1, ch. 1).

Back to Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map


Markon, C. J., M. D. Fleming, and E. F. Binnian. 1995. Characteristics of vegetation phenology over the Alaskan landscape using AVHRR time-series data. Polar Record 31:179-190.

Data and Resources

  • Download
    Download :: Map Image

    aga_circumpolar_avhrr_cir_1995.jpg (2.61 MB)

  • Download
    Download :: Publication

    Walker_2002_IJRS_CAVM.pdf (1.69 MB)

  • Download
    Download :: GIS Data (92.7 MB)

  • View website
    Website :: Toolik Arctic Geobotanical Atlas

Status: Complete
Type: Data
Data Types: Image, GIS, Map, Report
Primary Contact
Walker, Donald A. (Skip)
ISO Topics
biota, geoscientificInformation, imageryBaseMapsEarthCover


All Maps, Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map

Direct Record Link
  • 07969bba1ee875e70c44c0423525d17f
    Updated by Jana
    2016-02-22 18:51:45 -0900
  • 07969bba1ee875e70c44c0423525d17f
    Updated by Jana
    2015-10-12 17:48:36 -0800
  • 07969bba1ee875e70c44c0423525d17f
    Updated by Jana
    2015-10-12 17:38:16 -0800
  • 01c8ceef3d596f40f05bf496ca00d929
    Updated by Lisa
    2015-04-13 15:00:23 -0800
  • 01c8ceef3d596f40f05bf496ca00d929
    Updated by Lisa
    2015-03-25 10:53:39 -0800
  • 01c8ceef3d596f40f05bf496ca00d929
    Published by Lisa
    2014-08-25 11:25:15 -0800
  • 01c8ceef3d596f40f05bf496ca00d929
    New record created
    2014-08-25 11:25:08 -0800